It is important to know the symptoms of varicose veins to understand the disease and know what to tell the vein doctor. Varicose veins are more than just an aesthetic problem: they are a sign that there is an alteration in the venous circulation, either because the venous valves do not work or because the veins have dilated and this does not allow them to carry out their function. In addition, in the long run, these varicose veins can lead to a serious health problem, such as phlebitis or thrombosis. Some factors increase the chances of having varicose veins, such as being a woman, being overweight or suffering from constipation, among others. If you think you may have varicose veins but are not sure about the symptoms, then this is the right post for you.
Varicose Veins In Lower Legs
All the veins of the organism, have unidirectional valves, whose function is to favor the return of venous blood towards the heart in an upward direction (they open to let blood pass upwards and close to prevent the blood to go down). Sometimes, the functioning of these valves is altered, because they are damaged or because the walls of the veins soften and dilate – and the valves are too far apart – and become unable to carry out their valve function. Then, the blood accumulates in the veins that, little by little, become more dilated, become tortuous due to the small space they have available and can easily be seen through the skin: this is what varicose veins are. Although they can form in other parts of the body, they are more likely to appear on the surface of the legs.
Risk Factors Of Varicose Veins
According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the USA, the most important are the following:
- Family history of varicose veins: half of the people who develop them have an affected family member.
- The advanced age: the deterioration inherent to the aging causes weakness of the valves and the veins.
- Being a woman: they are two to three times more likely to suffer varicose veins than their counterparts, due to the hormonal changes (of progesterone and estrogen) that occur at puberty, pregnancy and menopause. And also because the tonicity of the wall of the veins is lower in women.
- Pregnancy: the fetus puts pressure on the veins of the mother’s lower extremities, which makes venous return difficult. Often, the varicose veins that appear during pregnancy improve between three months and the year after childbirth.
- Overweight and obesity pose additional pressure to the veins and venous return.
- To lead a sedentary life favors its appearance, as well as to be standing or sitting, especially with crossed legs, during prolonged periods of time, since the veins must make more force to get back all the blood to the heart.
Symptoms Of Varicose Veins
- Heaviness in the legs: The feeling of tiredness and heaviness in your legs, is due to the accumulation of blood because of the bad blood circulation. 48.3% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Cramps: This are involuntary and painful contractions that affect the muscles. When you have varicose veins in the legs, cramps will occur mostly at night. 33.5% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Leg pain: The intensity of pain depends on the severity of the disease. This pain can also occur in other areas where the affected veins direct blood. 31.7% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Paresthesia: This is the medical term for the sensation of tingling or numbness in the extremities. It occurs mainly when you spend a lot of time in the same position, especially when sitting. 29.4% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Edemas: This is the swelling in the extremities, in this case, due to the accumulation of blood by the malfunction of the valves of the veins. 6.5% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Darkening of the skin: The violet-colored spots on the affected areas are due to the outflow of red blood cells. These deteriorate the skin and fat which causes the hardening of the skin and pain. 3.8% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
- Ulcers: In advanced cases, ulcers occur spontaneously in the lower extremities or where the affected area has suffered an injury. These require hygiene for their healing. 2.5% of people with varicose veins have this symptom.
FAQs About The Symptoms Of Varicose Veins
How to Treat Varicose Veins Today With modern Technology?
Today, with the advances in technology, there has been an uprise in the develop of minimally- invasive procedures to treat several diseases, including varicose veins. This treatments are safe, highly effective and don’t cause any pain. For the treatment of varicose veins, some of the best minimally-invasive procedures are: VenaSeal, Varithena and Radiofrequency Ablation.
What Causes Varicose/Spider Veins?
They are mainly caused by a malfunction of the valves located inside the veins. This malfunction cause the blood to pool under the valves, and this reflux dilates the veins.
What Are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?
- Paresthesia (tingling)
- Edemas (swelling)
- Darkening of the skin
- Ulcers (in advanced stages)
What Are the Types of Varicose Veins?
There are several classifications of varicose veins and the more common are according to the type of vein and according to the severity of the varicosity. This one is according to the severity of the varicose veins:
- Grade I: They are minimal dilations of the vein, in the form of spider veins. It is more an aesthetic problem although they can cause heaviness of legs and fatigue.
- Grade II: The veins are dilated, have a more sinuous route and are more visible. They produce a feeling of tiredness and heaviness and, over time, can cause small hemorrhages or local inflammation.
- Grade III: It occurs when the venous valves are completely ineffective and there is extravasation of red blood cells out of the circulatory system that causes changes in the skin’s coloration.
- Grade IV: They are the most serious. It happens when, in addition to varicose veins there is a greater pigmentation, the skin becomes fragile and ulcers appear, thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein with the presence of a blood clot inside it) or varicorrhagia (hemorrhage) due to rupture of the varicose vein.
Vein Treatment Near Me
If after reading this post, you realized that you have several symptoms of varicose veins, then one of the best thing you can do is go to a vein doctor to get treated. At Vein Treatment Clinic, you will find some of the best Board-Certified vein doctors in the country. They have a state-of-the-art technology, so you can count with having a minimally-invasive treatment. Book An Appointment Now!
It is important to know the symptoms of varicose veins. Knowing the symptoms of a disease can help the doctor with the diagnosis and treatment of your illness, and this apply to every disease, including varicose veins. They are not only an aesthetic issue, varicose veins are a sign of an alteration of the blood circulation that needs to be treated by a vein doctor. One of the problems of having varicose veins in the legs is that you must be very careful to have a vascular accident, since the veins are inflamed and cause pain that compromises the blood circulation. Depending on the severity of the internal varicose veins, symptoms and signs can be presented that only a doctor in the area of angiology can treat. Varicose veins are caused by a malfunction of the valves that are located inside the vein, causing the vessel to dilate. The most relevant risk factors are genetics, age, being a woman because of the female hormones, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. The symptoms of varicose veins are heaviness in the legs, cramps, pain, tingling, swelling, changes in the colour of the skin and ulcers in advanced stages. If you have varicose veins or have your suspicions about having them, one of the best thing you can do is go to a vein doctor to get screened and treat them. At Vein Treatment Clinic you will find some of the best Board-Certified vein doctors to treat your varicose veins.